vihara, early type of Buddhist monastery consisting of an open court surrounded by open cells accessible through an entrance porch. The viharas in India were originally constructed to shelter the monks during the rainy season, when it became difficult for them to lead the wanderer’s life.

What is called a vihara Class 9?

What is called a Vihara? Answer: A Vihara (Monastery) was permanent abode or residence of the monks. Question 22.

What is in a vihara?

Viharas were typically caves and involved cutting into the rock. They typically consisted of large halls and a series of small cells that contained a bed and pillow carved from stone. Viharas also usually contained monuments and symbols of Buddhist worship.

Where is oldest vihara in India?

Kanha Cave vihara in the Nasik Caves, 1st century BCE, is one of the earliest.

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What is vihara and chaitya?

Chaitya were the places of worship and assembly of the monks and it consists of stupa within the structure at one end. The Vihara are the monastery where the monks used to live and it acts as their accommodation during the rainy days. They are usually carved out of rocks as cave structures.

What do you mean by viharas Class 6?

Viharas: The monasteries where monks lives were called ‘Viharas’. Around 2500 years ago (about 500 BC) – Upanishadic thinkers preached.

How many viharas are there?

There are 16 Viharas and one Chaitya situated in Nasik of Maharashtra. The Nasik Chaitya is also known as ‘Pandulane’. It also consisted of musical hall.

What is vihara cave?

Cave 1, a vihara (monastery), is one of the largest caves and also one of the most handsomely ornamented. The Buddha statue in the sanctum is in the vyakhyana mudra (gesture of explanation) with bodhisattvas (the Buddha in his previous lives) on either side.

What do you mean by viharas Class 6?

Viharas: The monasteries where monks lives were called ‘Viharas’. Around 2500 years ago (about 500 BC) – Upanishadic thinkers preached.

What is Buddhist temple called?

A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery is the place of worship for Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism. They include the structures called vihara, chaitya, stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. Temples in Buddhism represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha.

How many viharas are there?

There are 16 Viharas and one Chaitya situated in Nasik of Maharashtra. The Nasik Chaitya is also known as ‘Pandulane’. It also consisted of musical hall.

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What were monasteries and viharas Class 6?

Vihara: Permanent shelters of bhikkus were called Viharas. Monastery: Permanent shelters for monks and nuns of Jainism and Buddhism.

Who built viharas for Buddhist?

The available data suggests that the Pala ruler dharmapala founded the vihara. It followed the traditional cruciform plan for the central shrine. There were 177 individual cells around the central courtyard.

What is Buddhist temple called?

A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery is the place of worship for Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism. They include the structures called vihara, chaitya, stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. Temples in Buddhism represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha.

What is a chaitya answer?

Chaityas are referred to as temple, sanctuary or any sacred monuments are mentioned in the historic literature of Jainism and Hinduism. Complete answer: A Buddhist shrine including the stupa is called a Chaitya.

What is the origin of Viharas?

vihara, early type of Buddhist monastery consisting of an open court surrounded by open cells accessible through an entrance porch. The viharas in India were originally constructed to shelter the monks during the rainy season, when it became difficult for them to lead the wanderer’s life.

Who built chaitya?

Rock-cut hall, Sudama, Barabar Caves, dedicated in 257 BCE by Ashoka. Chaitya arch around the window, and repeated as a gavaksha motif with railings, Cave 9, Ajanta.

What are ashrams 6?

Āśrama (Sanskrit: आश्रम) is a system of stages of life discussed in Hindu texts of the ancient and medieval eras. The four asramas are: Brahmacharya (student), Gṛhastha (householder), Vanaprastha (forest walker/forest dweller), and Sannyasa (renunciate).

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Who is the founder of Buddhism class 6?

Q3: Who was the founder of Buddhism? Ans: Siddhartha, also known as Gautama.

What is Buddha Bihar?

Bihar is the land where Gautam Buddha began his search for answers to human suffering and found enlightenment. The legendary spiritual enlightenment site of the Buddha under the Mahabodhi Tree is now occupied by the Mahabodhi Temple, which attracts Buddhist pilgrims and travellers from around the world.

What is difference between vihara and stupa?

Viharas were for the purpose of living, Monks after their year long begging take rest during winter season in viharas. Stupa is a commemorative monument usually housing sacred relics associated with the Buddha or other saintly persons. such relics are not used in viharas.

What do monks study?

Tibetan monks and nuns may spend 12 hours a day studying Buddhist philosophy and logic, reciting prayers and debating scriptures. But science has been given a special boost by the Dalai Lama, who has long advocated modern education in Tibetan monasteries and schools in exile, alongside Tibet’s traditions.

About the Author

While living in a residential meditation and yoga ashram from 1999 to 2013, Leon devoted his life to the study and practice of meditation.
He accumulated about 15,000 hours of practice over many longer immersion retreats, including hours of silent meditation, chanting, prostrations, and mantra.
While participating in a "meditation marathon," he once sat in meditation for 40 hours straight. More importantly, he fell in love with meditation during this time.

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